• Thiostrepton packaged and labeled.

click on thumbnail to zoom
SKU: T007

Size  
Quantity:
  Click 'Bulk Order' for 10 or more
Price: make selection(s)
Description

Thiostrepton is a bactericidal macrocyclic thiopeptide antibiotic that is produced by Streptomyces azureus and was originally detailed by Donovick et al. in 1955.  Thiostrepton shows broad activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, as well as anti-plasmodial effects.

Thiostrepton inhibits prokaryotic translation by inhibiting ribosome turnover after the elongation step in protein synthesis by inhibiting both the dissociation of elongation factor G (EF-G) from the ribosome and the release of inorganic phosphate from EF-G following GTP hydrolysis.  Thiostrepton has also been shown to inhibit the binding of elongation factor 4 (EF4) to the 70S ribosome.

Thiostrepton has been shown to inhibit the oncogenic transcription factor FoxM1 and is cytotoxic to malignant mesothelioma cells in a dose dependent fashion.

Thiostrepton conforms to United States Pharmacopeia specifications.

    CAS Number

    1393-48-2

    Molecular Formula

    C72H85N19O18S5

    Molecular Weight

    1664.89

    Mechanism of Action

    Thiostrepton inhibits prokaryotic translation by inhibiting ribosome turnover after the elongation step in protein synthesis by inhibiting both the dissociation of elongation factor G (EF-G) from the ribosome and the release of inorganic phosphate from EF-G following GTP hydrolysis.  Thiostrepton has also been shown to inhibit the binding of elongation factor 4 (EF4) to the 70S ribosome.

    Storage Conditions

    -20°C

    Tariff Code

    2941.90.1050

    Spectrum

    Thiostrepton is a broad-spectrum antibiotic which targets a wide range of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.  Thiostrepton has also shown antimalarial and gametocytocidal activity.

Applications

    Cancer Applications

    Thiostrepton is an inhibitor of Forkhead box M1 (FoxM1), a transcription factor that has been shown to play an important role in the development and progression of human cancers.  FoxM1 inhibited by thiostrepton induced apoptosis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells (NPC) by down regulation of bcl-2, and the up-regulation of bax and p53, while also inducing the release of cytochrome c accompanied by activation of caspase-9, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP.

    Thiostrepton has been shown to be an effective anti-cancer stem cell agent in vitro, thiostrepton could selectively induce apoptosis in colorectal stem cells (CRSC) subpopulations in both parent HCT-15 and HT-29 human CRC lines as well as EMT and chemoresistant clones derived from them. Thiostrepton in combination with oxaliplatin was shown to eradicate CR44+ HCT-15 and HT-29 cells more effectively then either drug alone. 

    Microbiology Applications

    The thiostrepton resistance gene (tsr) and its mutants can serve as effective selectable markers for the genetic modification of bacterial thermophiles, like Geobacillus Kaustophilus, and other bacteria.

Specifications

    Form

    Powder

    Appearance

    Off-white powder

    Source

    Streptomyces azureus

    Melting Point

    246-256°C

    Assay

    (On Dried Basis): Not less than 900 u/mg

    Loss on Drying

    Not more than 5.0%

    Residue On Ignition

    Not more than 1.0%

References

    References

    Marson, C. M., and J. M. Kwok. "Thiostrepton Selectively Targets Breast Cancer Cells through Inhibition of Forkhead Box M1 Expression." Molecular Cancer Therapeutics (2008): 2022-032. www.ncbi.gov. Web. 27 Aug. 2012.

    Walter, Justin D., Margaret Hunter, and Melanie Cobb. "Thiostrepton Inhibits Stable 70S Ribosome Binding and Ribosome-dependent GTPase Activation of Elongation Factor G and Elongation Factor 4." Oxford Journals (2011): n. pag. Nucleic Acids Research. Web. 27 Aug. 2012.

    Aminake, M. N., Schoof, S., Sologub, L., Leubner, M., Kirschner, M., Arndt, H. D., & Pradel, G. (2011). Thiostrepton and derivatives exhibit antimalarial and gametocytocidal activity by dually targeting parasite proteasome and apicoplast. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy55(4), 1338-48.

    Keisuke Wada, Jyumpei Kobayashi, Megumi Furukawa, Katsumi Doi, Takashi Ohshiro & Hirokazu Suzuki(2016) A thiostrepton resistance gene and its mutants serve as selectable markers in Geobacillus kaustophilus HTA426, Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, 80:2, 368-375, DOI: 10.1080/09168451.2015.1079478

    Ju, S-Y., Huang, C-YF., Huang, W-C., Su, Y. (2015). Identification of thiostrepton as a novel therapeutic agent that targets human colon cancer stem cells. Cell Death & Disease, 6(7), e1801

    Jiang, L., Wang, P., Chen, L., & Chen, H. (2014). Down-regulation of FoxM1 by thiostrepton or small interfering RNA inhibits proliferation, transformation ability and angiogenesis, and induces apoptosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. International journal of clinical and experimental pathology7(9), 5450-60.

Other Items In This Category