SKU: C230

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Description

Ceftaroline Fosamil is a novel fifth-generation cephalosporin, a broad-spectrum β-lactam active against MRSA and respiratory pathogens.  It goes by the name Teflaro in the US and Zinforo in Europe.  It can be used for community-acquired pneumonia and complicated skin and skin structure infections.  The compound is soluble in DMSO (30 mg/ml).

    CAS Number

    400827-46-5

    Molecular Formula

    C24H25N8O10PS4

    Molecular Weight

    744.73

    Mechanism of Action

    Ceftaroline Fosamil binds to penicillin-binding protein (PBP) which prevents the formation of the bacterial cell wall. MRSA strains have a mutated PBP2a which prohibits β-lactam antibiotics from accessing its active site.  Ceftaroline has an ethyoxyimino side-chain mimicking a portion of a cell wall structure, which opens and facilitates access to the active site of PBP2a.

    Ceftaroline Fosamil is a prodrug that is converted in vivo to active metabolite Ceftaroline by plasma phosphatases.

    Storage Conditions

    -20┬░C

    Spectrum

    Ceftaroline Fosamil is broad-spectrum against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. It is effective against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and extensively-resistant strains such as vancomycin-resistant S. aureus (VRSA), vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (VISA), and heteroresistant VISA (hVISA). It is also effective against respiratory pathogens like Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae.

Applications

    Microbiology Applications

    In vitro studies show a similar spectrum to ceftobiprole, the only other 5th generation cephalosporin to date. 

     Microbiology Applications

    Ceftaroline is commonly used in clinical in vitro microbiological antimicrobial susceptibility tests (panels, discs, and MIC strips).   Medical microbiologists use AST results to recommend antibiotic treatment options for infected patients. Representative MIC values include:

      • MRSA 0.5-2.0 µg/ml
      • MSSA 0.25 µg/ml
      • hVISA 0.25-4 µg/ml
      • For a complete list of Ceftaroline MIC values, click here.

References

    References

    Biek D, Critchley IA, Riccobene TA and Thye DA (2010)  Ceftaroline fosamil: A novel broad-spectrum cephalosporin with expanded anti-Gram-positive activity.  J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 65(4):iv9-iv16  PMID 21115457

    Duplessis C and Crum-Cianflone NF  (2011) Ceftaroline: A new cephalosporin with activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Clin. Med. Rev. Ther. 3. a2466. PMID  21785568

    Laudano, J (2011) Ceftaroline fosamil: a new broad-spectrum cephalosporin. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 66(Supp. 3): iii11-iii18

    Saravolatz LD, Stein GE and Johnson LB (2011)  Ceftaroline: A novel cephalosporin with activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.  Clin. Infect. Dis. 52(9):1156-1163  PMID 21467022

    Zhanel GC et al (2009)  Ceftaroline. Drugs 69(7):809-831

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