• Temocillin Disodium

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SKU: T130

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Description

Temocillin Disodium is the salt of Temocillin a semisynthetic, β-­lactamase resistant carboxypenicillin antimicrobial used as an alternative to carbapenems that is primarily used for Gram-negative bacteria. 

    CAS Number

    61545-06-0

    Molecular Formula

    C16H18N2Na2O7S2

    Molecular Weight

    458.42

    Mechanism of Action

    Like other β-lactams, Temocillin Disodium interferes with penicillin binding protein (PBP) activity involved in the final phase of peptidoglycan synthesis. PBB catalyzes the pentaglycine crosslink between alanine and lysine. Without a pentaglycine crosslink, the integrity of the cell wall is compromised which leads to cell lysis and death. Temocillin is resistant to most β-lactamases, but resistance is commonly due to cells containing plasmid-encoded β-lactamases.

    Spectrum

    Temocillin is active against several multi-resistant Gram-negative species including Salmonella typhimurium, E. coli, Haemophilus influenzae and others. In contrast, Gram-positive bacteria, bacteria with altered penicillin-binding proteins, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are not susceptible to temocillin.

Applications

    Microbiology Applications

     Temocillin is commonly used in clinical in vitro microbiological antimicrobial susceptibility tests (panels, discs, and MIC strips) against Gram-negative microbial isolates. Medical microbiologists use this information to recommend antibiotic treatment options. Representative MIC ranges include:

      • E. coli  1.00 µg/mL - 64.00 µg/mL
      • H. influenzae β-lactamase negative: 0.25 - 0.50 µg/ml
      • H. influenzae β-lactamase positive: 0.50 - 1.00 µg/ml
      • S. aureus  >128.00 µg/ml

    For a list of MIC values, click here.

Specifications

    Form

    Powder

    Appearance

    white or almost white powder

    Source

    semi-synthetic

References

    References

    Pitout JD, Sanders CC, Sanders WE (1997)   Antimicrobial resistance with focus on beta-lactam resistance in Gram-negative bacilli. Am. J. Med. 103:51  PMID 9236486

    Jules, K and Neu HC (1982)  Antibacterial Activity and Beta-lactamase Stability of Temocillin. Antimicrob. Agents and Chemother. 22(3): 453-460

    Rodriguez-Villalobos H et al (2006)  In vitro activity of temocillin against extended spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli. J Antimicrob. Chemother. 57(4):771-774  PMID 16501056

    Van Landuyt HW, Pyckavet MP, Lambert A and Boelaert J (1982)  In vitro activity of temocillin (BRL 17421), a novel B-lactam antibiotic.  Antimicrob. Agents. Chemother. 22(4):535-540  PMID  7181470

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