• Validamycin packaged and labeled.

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SKU: V012

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Description

Validamycin is an antibiotic and fungicidal compound produced by Streptomyces hygroscopicus. Validamycin was first discovered in the broth of Streptomyces hygroscopicus var. limoneus T-7545, which was isolated from a soil sample collected in Akashi City, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan in 1970 (Iwasa et al., 1970), and also discovered 5 years later in the broth of S. hygroscopicus var. jinggangensis Yen. TH82, from a soil sample of Jinggang Mountain in Jiangxi, China. 

Validamycin is structurally similar to trehalose and acts as a competitive inhibitor for the enzyme trehalase, which is widely spread among animals, plants, insects, and microorganisms. Trehalase enzymes are responsible for trehalose degradation and serves an important role in regulation of such mechanisms as the active transport of glucose into the intestines, reserve supply of energy, gemination of spores, etc.  Validamycin is used to study trehalose biosynthesis and trehalase activity.

Validamycin is soluble in water, methanol, DMSO, DMF, acetone, and ethanol.

    CAS Number

    37248-47-8

    Molecular Formula

    C20H35NO13

    Molecular Weight

    497.50

    Mechanism of Action

    Validamycin is structurally similar to trehalose and acts as a competitive inhibitor for trehalase, which is the enzyme responsible for trehalose degradation and serves an important role in regulation of such mechanisms as the active transport of glucose into the intestines, reserve supply of energy, gemination of spores, etc.

    Storage Conditions

    -20° C

    Tariff Code

    2941.90.1010

Applications

    Eukaryotic Cell Culture Applications

    Validamycin is used in studies related to trehalase activity, and trehalose biosynthesis.

    Insect Biology Applications

    Validamycin inhibits the key enzyme trehalase (TRE) in insects, this enzyme is responsible for trehalose degradation and has important functions in insect growth and chitin synthesis.  Validamycin has the potential for pest control uses.

    Plant Biology Applications

    Validamycin is effective against Pellicularia sasakii and Rhizoctonia solani in plants, but only decreases their virulence instead of exhibiting a fungicidal effect. Validamycin can be used to control sheath-blight disease in rice and is most effective against soil-borne pathogens. Validamycin was effective to control tomato bacterial wilt caused by P. solanacearum (Ishikawa et al., 1996)

Specifications

    Form

    Powder

    Appearance

    White to pale yellow powder

    Source

    Streptomyces hygroscopicus

    pH

    3.0-5.0

    Melting Point

    130-135°C

References

    References

    Copping LG [ed.], 2004. The Manual of Biocontrol Agents. Alton, UK: BCPC.

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