• Monactin packaged and labeled in glass vial.

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SKU: M065

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Monactin is a member of the macrotetrolide complex produced by a range of Streptomyces species. Monactin has not previously been available for intensive investigation. Early literature reported that the related dinactin is a monovalent cation ionophore with high selectivity for ammonium and potassium. Monactin inhibits T-cell proliferation induced by IL-2 and cytokine production at nanomolar levels for IL-2, IL-4, IL-5 and IFN-γ.

Monactin is soluble in ethanol, methanol, DMF or DMSO. Poor water solubility.

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    Effects of cyclosporin A and dinactin on T-cell proliferation, interleukin-5 production, and murine pulmonary inflammation. Umland S. P., et al. , Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol., 1999, 20, 481.

    Immunosuppressive effects of polynactins (tetranactin, trinactin and dinactin) on experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis in rats. Tanouchi Y., et al. , Jpn. J. Ophthalmol., 1987, 31, 218.

    Antibiotics as tools for metabolic studies. VI. Damped oscillatory swelling of mitochondria induced by nonactin, monactin, dinactin, and trinactin. Graven S. N., et al. , Biochemistry, 1966, 5, 1735.

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